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Giuliano Gemma starred in a series of successful films carrying this theme – Adiós gringo, For a Few Extra Dollars, Long Days of Vengeance, Wanted, and to some extent Blood for a Silver Dollar – where most often his character is called "Gary". In 1968, the wave of Spaghetti Westerns reached its crest, comprising one-third of the Italian film production, only to collapse to one-tenth in 1969. Spaghetti western Sergio Leone Django Una pistola per Ringo Trinità Tomas Milian Lee Van Cleef Sergio Sollima Bud Spencer Terence Hill VALUTA ANCHE… 4. With the spaghetti western, the Italian genre cinema reached its zenith. D’altronde, chiunque associa la sua musica all’idea di colonna sonora western. A pesar de todo, no solo de Clint Eastwood y Sergio Leone vive el Spaghetti Western, otros títulos y actores contribuyeron a aumentar el mito. 217–44, Fridlund (2006) pp.173–99. For many critics, Sergio Leone's films were part of the problem. Der Italo-Western im . Sergio Leone's film Once Upon a Time in the West set out to be the ultimate Western a celebration of the power of classic Hollywood cinema, a meditation on the making of America, and a lament for the decline of one of the most cherished film genres in the form of a 'dance of death'. [7], The term Paella Western has been used for the many Western films produced in Spain. Sergio Leone (03/01/1929-30/04/1989) es sin duda, el director por excelencia del Spaghetti Western. [citation needed], Italian cinema often borrowed from other films without regard for infringement, and Leone famously borrowed the plot for A Fistful of Dollars, receiving a letter from Japanese director Akira Kurosawa congratulating him on making "...a very fine film. Christopher Frayling, in his noted book on the Italian Western, describes American critical reception of the Spaghetti Western cycle as, to "a large extent, confined to a sterile debate about the 'cultural roots' of the American/Hollywood Western. [33], The music for the two Trinity westerns (composed by Franco Micalizzi and Guido & Maurizio De Angelis, respectively) also reflected the change into a lighter and more sentimental mood. A perfect Trio, which gave life to the most enduring Film genre in the history of Cinema. In Leone's The Good, the Bad and the Ugly there is still the scheme of a pair of heroes vs. a villain but it is somewhat relaxed, as here all three parties were driven by a money motive. Es uno de los directores más famosos de la historia del cine y es sobre todo conocido por sus spaghetti western. [20][21] Spaghetti Westerns also began featuring a pair of different heroes. Sholay spawned its own genre of "Dacoit Western" films in Bollywood during the 1970s. Inhalte. Other "cult" items are Cesare Canevari's Matalo!, Tony Anthony's Blindman and Joaquín Luis Romero Marchent's Cut-Throats Nine (the latter among gore film audiences). Sometimes Life Is Hard – Right Providence? Hij is vooral bekend geworden door de regie van klassiekers als The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966), Once Upon a Time in the West (1968) en Once Upon a Time in America (1984). Sergio Leone's Dollars trilogy founded the Spaghetti Western genre, largely because of Leone's masterful direction.The scope often felt larger than life, the music, courtesy of iconic movie score composer Ennio Morricone, was instantly iconic, and the stories, while perhaps not as singularly spectacular as something like John Ford's The Searchers or Stagecoach, were episodic and grand. El spaghetti western, conocido también como western europeo o eurowestern, ... del director italiano Sergio Leone. I quattro dell’ave maria Secondo capitolo della trilogia di Giuseppe Colizzi interpretata da Bud Spencer e Terence Hill. Besondere Bekanntheit erlangte er durch seine Arbeiten im Bereich der Italo-Western. Welcome to The Spaghetti Western Database, the global Eurowestern film encyclopedia and community. Sergio Leone’s Spaghetti Western… Another type of wronged hero is set up and must clear himself from accusations. https://www.esquire.com/it/cultura/film/g22136252/film-western-migliori Il western all'italiana (noto anche come spaghetti western o Italo-western in inglese, o anche Italoaters) è un genere di film western di produzione italiana negli anni sessanta e settanta con la partecipazione spesso di attori di valore ancora agli albori della loro carriera e che successivamente sarebbero divenuti star internazionali. [citation needed] In this seminal film, the hero enters a town that is ruled by two outlaw gangs, and ordinary social relations are non-existent. This was partly intentional and partly the context of a different cultural background.[13]. When they appear they are more often portrayed as victims of discrimination than as dangerous foes. They are often interpreted as a leftist critique of the typical Hollywood handling of Mexican revolutions, and of imperialism in general.[30]. The American animated film Rango incorporates elements of Spaghetti Westerns, including a character modeled after The Man With No Name. The three-way show down between Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef and Eli Wallach is legendary.. Community vote score: (3.509 points) The Spaghetti Western, also known as Italian Western or (primarily in Japan) Macaroni Western,[1] is a broad subgenre of Western films that emerged in the mid-1960s in the wake of Sergio Leone's film-making style and international box-office success. Christian Kessler: Willkommen in der Hölle. Then he uses his cunning and exceptional weapons skill to assist a family threatened by both gangs. Special interest audiences might also nurture a cult of the "Worst", as exemplified in the interest for a director like Ed Wood. The exception is Giorgio Capitani's The Ruthless Four – in effect a gay version of John Huston's The Treasure of the Sierra Madre – where the explicit homosexual relation between two of its male main characters and some gay cueing scenes are embedded with other forms of man-to-man relations through the story.[40]. Leone also made Once Upon a Time in the West in 1968, starring Charles Bronson and Henry Fonda. [8] The term Eurowesterns may be used to also include similar Western movies that were produced in Continental Europe but without involvement by Italians, like the West German Winnetou films or the Soviet Ostern (Eastern) films. When Asian martial arts films started to draw crowds in European cinema houses, the producers of Spaghetti Westerns tried to hang on, this time not by adapting story-lines but rather by directly including martial arts in the films, performed by Eastern actors – for example Chen Lee in My Name Is Shanghai Joe or Lo Lieh teaming up with Lee Van Cleef in The Stranger and the Gunfighter. [48], The dictionary definition of Spaghetti Western at Wiktionary, Frayling (2006) pp. Sergio Leone, who would have been 90 this week, only directed only seven films, but they had a huge impact and made Clint Eastwood a star. In A Pistol for Ringo a traditional sheriff commissions a money-oriented hero played by Giuliano Gemma (with more pleasing manners than Eastwood's character) to infiltrate a gang of Mexican bandits whose leader is played typically by Fernando Sancho. Sergio Leone's film Once Upon a Time in the West set out to be the ultimate Western a celebration of the power of classic Hollywood cinema, a … 101–09. [38][39] Requiem for a Gringo shows many traces from another well-known Japanese film, Masaki Kobayashi's Harakiri. God's Gun was filmed in Israel.[16]. These films have been listed among the best Westerns of any variety. The Spaghetti Western was born, flourished and faded in a highly commercial production environment. The first Italian Western movie was La Vampira Indiana (1913) – a combination of Western and vampire film. Examples include: a lawman and an outlaw (And the Crows Will Dig Your Grave), an army officer and an outlaw (Bury Them Deep), an avenger and a (covert) army officer (The Hills Run Red), an avenger and a (covert) guilty party (Viva! This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 23:00. e La collina degli stivali. Sergio Corbucci's The Mercenary and Compañeros also belong here, as does Tepepa by Giulio Petroni – among others. The Lumière brothers made their first public screening of films in 1895 and already in 1896 Gabriel Veyre shot Repas d'Indien ("Indian Banquet") for them. [4] The denomination for these films in Italy is western all'italiana (Italian-style Western). Over six hundred European Westerns were made between 1960 and 1978. The 1985 Japanese film Tampopo was promoted as a "ramen Western". The same can be said for The Price of Power, a political allegory where an American president is assassinated in Dallas by a conspiracy of Southern racists who frame an innocent Afro-American. The Italian "low" popular film production was usually low-budget and low-profit, and the easiest way to success was imitating a proven success. In later years there were "return of stories", Django 2 with Franco Nero and Troublemakers with Terence Hill and Bud Spencer. '"The good, the ugly, the bad"') is a 1966 Italian epic Spaghetti Western film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood as "the Good", Lee Van Cleef as "the Bad", and Eli Wallach as "the Ugly". Sergio Leone made four more westerns (and would be involved in several others), and Morricone would score all of them. [34], Some critics deplore these post-Trinity films as a degeneration of the "real" Spaghetti Westerns, and that Hill's and Spencer's skilful use of body language was a hard act to follow. Sergio Leone, nato a Roma nel 1929, è stato un regista, sceneggiatore e produttore cinematografico. Oct 7, 2013 - Explore Kasidah's board "Sergio Leone", followed by 2309 people on Pinterest. Hijo del director de cine Roberto Roberti (seudónimo de Vincenzo Leone) y la actriz de cine mudo Bice Waleran (Edvige Valcarenghi). In non-singing roles were Ringo Starr as a villain in Blindman and French rock 'n' roll veteran Johnny Hallyday as the gunfighter/avenger hero in Sergio Corbucci's The Specialists. It is significant that the most successful of the post-Trinity films featured Hill (Man of the East, A Genius, Two Partners and a Dupe), Spencer (It Can Be Done Amigo) and a pair of Hill/Spencer look-alikes in Carambola. Most succeeding Spaghetti Westerns tried to get a ragged, laconic hero with superhuman weapon skill, preferably one who looked like Clint Eastwood: Franco Nero, Giuliano Gemma, John Garko and Terence Hill started out that way; Anthony Steffen and others stayed that way all their Spaghetti Western career. La producción en serie de películas del Oeste en Europa se inició en 1961, pero no fue hasta 1964 cuando, gracias al éxito de Por un puñado de dólares, de Sergio Leone, se convirtió en un género de masas. The few Spaghetti Westerns containing historical characters like Buffalo Bill, Wyatt Earp, Billy the Kid etc. He betrays and plays the gangs against one another in order to make money. Join historian Tom Betts, and hundreds of other enthusiasts of the genre from all around the world in our forums! Sergio Leone (* 3. The latter also inspired Dust in the Sun (1972), which follows its original more closely than Johnny Hamlet, where the hero survives. Clint Eastwood starred in three of Sergio Leone's films, now known as the Dollars Trilogy—A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965), and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966). Director Sergio Leone, whose widely imitated films spawned the “spaghetti Western” genre and made Clint Eastwood an international celebrity, died of a heart attack Sunday in Rome. [23] During and after the Second World War there were scattered European uses of Western settings, mostly for comedy or musical comedy. Because the two model stories contained religious pacifists to account for the absence of gunplay, all the successors contained religious groups or at least priests, sometimes as one of the heroes. Several Spaghetti Westerns are inspired by classical myths and dramas. Sergio Leone (January 3, 1929 – April 30, 1989) was an Italian film director, producer and screenwriter most associated with the "Spaghetti Western" genre.

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